24 Apr 2013
In the European Union, 327,345 asylum applications were received in 2012. This is an increase of 7.8% on the previous year. Some seek asylum because they genuinely deserve it. Some do not deserve it and try to enter at any cost, abusing the existing system. There is obviously a need for the Union to get a system which ensures procedures for processing applications and which is not open to abuse.
The Common European Asylum System is provided for in Article 78 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. It provides that the Union shall develop a common policy on asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection with a view to offering appropriate status to any third country national requiring international protection in accordance with the principle of non-refoulement and the 1951 Geneva Convention on the status of refugees. Based upon those views, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs has voted on the Reports on minimum standards on procedures in Member States for granting and withdrawing international protection (Shadow Monika Hohlmeier (EPP Group, DE) and one by Monica Macovei (EPP Group, RO) on the establishment of 'Eurodac', a database for the comparison of fingerprints. These Reports comprise the second phase of the Common European Asylum System. Mrs Macovei explained how the system works.
Eurodac is a database; we have three categories of fingerprints all coming from people from third countries. First category fingerprints from people who are asking asylum in the European Union fingerprints of people who are caught illegally in the territory of one member State and fingerprints of people who have crossed illegally the borders of the European union. We achieved what we wanted for a long time which is access for law enforcement on a hit or no basis to the Eurodac database of fingerprints in cases of serious crime or terrorism.
The proposal on the minimum standards on procedures in Member States for granting and withdrawing international protection falls within the Policy Plan on Asylum which provides the second phase of the CEAS. It aims to strengthen the minimal procedural guarantees for asylum seekers. The final text endorses some initial key points of the EPP Group, said Monika Hohlmeier, EPP Group Shadow Rapporteur on the issue.
The biggest success for the EPP Group is that on the first step we achieved minimum standards that guarantee a fair procedure for every asylum seeker. One of the most important points is that this procedure doesn't take so long time so the time delay for a procedure must be six months, nine months but no longer only in exceptional cases. The second thing is that there are procedure guarantees like interpretation, that every asylum seeker gets an interpretation that he has the right on an interview that there must be a fair procedure for an asylum seeker. On the other side we know that there is a misuse of asylum procedures and so we try to give instruments to the member states that if there is a try to misuse the asylum procedure that there are instruments to fight against misuse.
With the application of these new rules, the EPP Group has set out two targets: to boost security for Europeans but also to ensure the protection of asylum holders. For more information on this topic, please visit our website eppgroup.eu. Thank you for watching. See you again soon.
Common European Asylum System: Security for Europeans and safety for asylum protection holders.
The Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is provided for in article 78 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). It provides that the Union shall develop a common policy on asylum, subsidiary protection and temporary protection with a view to offering appropriate status to any third-country national requiring international protection in accordance with the principle of non-refoulement and the 1951 Geneva Convention on the status of refugees. On EU asylum rules the EPP G
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