FRANCE, STRASBOURG (JUNE 12, 2013) (SOCIALISTS AND DEMOCRATS, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT - ACCESS ALL)
1. CUTAWAY: VARIOUS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT IN STRASBOURG (EXTERIOR)
2. CUTAWAY: VARIOUS OF THE VOTE IN THE PLENARY
3. CUTAWAY: MICHEL BARNIER (COMMISSIONER) TALKING DURING THE PRESS CONFERENCE
4. CUTAWAY: ALI IDRISSA (NIGER CO-ORDINATOR OF THE NGO PWYP, 'PUBLISH WHAT YOU PAY') TALKING DURING THE PRESS CONFERENCE
5. ALI IDRISSA (NIGER CO-ORDINATOR OF THE PWYP) SAYING (FRENCH SPEECH):
"As long as we don't reach this transparency, our countries will still beg for their sustenance, whereas compared to the wealth they generate and bring from their natural resources, our countries wouldn't even have to hold out our hand to Europe to develop themselves."
6. CUTAWAY: ARLENE MCCARTHY (S&D MEP, GB) TALKING DURING THE PRESS CONFERENCE
7. ARLENE MCCARTHY (S&D MEP, GB) SAYING (ENGLISH SPEECH):
"Communities within those countries, whether it is Nigeria or the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, will be able to actually know what their governments are doing with their natural resources."
8. CUTAWAY: TWO CO-ORDINATORS OF THE NGO 'PUBLISH WHAT YOU PAY' TALKING WITH ARLENE MCCARTHY
9. ARLENE MCCARTHY (S&D MEP, GB) SAYING (ENGLISH SPEECH):
"We've seen examples of companies like Shell and any that were involved in Nigeria. What we saw there was that they paid for an oil block but it actually belonged to the Finance Minister, who then took the money and put on a Swiss banc account! This money belongs to the people, they need to see the resources and they need to see the benefits that flow from that."
10. CUTAWAY: CO-ORDINATORS OF THE NGO 'PUBLISH WHAT YOU PAY' TALKING WITH ARLENE MCCARTHY
11. CUTAWAY: CLOSE-UP ON THE CO-ORDINATORS
12. JEAN-CLAUDE KATENDE (PWYP CONGO CO-ORDINATOR) SAYING (FRENCH SPEECH):
"We are going to have a tool which will enable us to fight for more transparency but also against corruption. You certainly know that in our countries we are lacking laws but when we have this kind of opportunity like today, we believe that, and particularly for the civil society, it is an achievement that we have to be proud of."
13. CUTAWAY: CO-ORDINATORS OF THE NGO 'PUBLISH WHAT YOU PAY'TALKING WITH ARLENE MCCARTHY
KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DECEMBER 3, 2010) (TV NEWSROOM COUNCIL- ACCESS ALL)
1. CUTAWAY: VARIOUS OF KINSHASA CITY AND PEOPLE
AZERBAIJAN; ZEEBRUGGE, BELGIUM (MAY 01, 2003) (TV NEWSROOM COUNCIL- ACCESS ALL)
1. CUTAWAY: VARIOUS OF PETROLIUM OFF-SHORE PLATFORM
2. CUTAWAY: VARIOUS OF METHANE TANKER AND PIPELINES TRANSPORTINMG LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS TO THE STORAGE TANKS
Following yesterday's vote in Strasbourg, by 2015 European oil, mining, gas and logging companies will have to disclose the payments they make to governments for access to natural resources.
S&D MEP Arlene McCarthy, the European Parliament's rapporteur for the new Transparency laws, said:
"The vote yesterday was history in the making. The new rules will be a major new weapon in the global fight against corruption, ensuring that citizens of resource rich countries can hold their governments to account for the exploitation of their natural resources."
In 2008 alone, African oil, gas and mineral exports were worth 9 times the value of international aid (296 billion EUR Vs 33 billion EUR).
Arlene said: "After today's vote 70% of the world's extractive industry will be covered by tough transparency rules now and the European Union has led the way in setting a new global standard for transparency. The adoption of these laws is a watershed moment in the global drive for greater transparency."
Euro MP Arlene McCarthy has worked closely with NGOs including The One Campaign, Oxfam, Global Witness and the umbrella group Publish What You Pay (PWYP) in order to secure this tough new law.
Arlene added: "After 18 months of tough negotiations we have a set EU rules of that we can be proud of and that show how effective cooperation, between legislators, citizens and action groups, can deliver real change."
Ali Idrissa, PWYP Niger Coordinator said: "In Niger, and in other African countries, PWYP members have been campaigning for a transparent and responsible management of natural resources. In revealing payments, this legislation will support us in our campaigning so that we can call on our governments to spend the revenues in a way that will benefit current and future generations.
"We also need to know what payments are being made so that we can make sure countries are getting a fair share for their resources. Between 14.5 and 21 billion Euros of potential revenue for Niger have been lost since 1960 because of unfair deals."
Jean-Claude Katende, PWYP DRC Coordinator said: "The DRC is incredibly rich in natural resources, yet many citizens remain in poverty. We have been calling for an effective and fair redistribution of extractive revenues in order to build better lives for our citizens. However, a lack of transparency makes it difficult to ensure that all citizens profit from natural resources. How can you calculate how much revenue a local community should receive, if you don't know how much has been paid? The EU Directive will help lift the veil on payments so we can ensure they are spent for the public good. Civil society in DRC has been very effective in the EITI process and we look forward to how this legislation will bolster the initiative in the country"
Notes for Editors:
Mozambique recently discovered gas fields thought to be worth around 233bn GBP, which could put it in the top 10 gas producing countries in the world.
At present, Mozambique's economy is worth just 17bn GBP per year.
To gain the maximum benefit from these reserves, Mozambique needs an honest government - instead the government has given some multinational companies a 15 year tax exemption. For example, the sale of the Benga coal mine to Rio Tinto for 2.5bn GBP in 2011 - had capital gains tax been paid on this transaction then Mozambique would have benefited hundreds of millions of dollars.
There needs to be greater transparency so citizens can see if their government has got a good deal
What has been agreed - Country-by-country reporting?
The new transparency requirements will cover companies active in the extractive or logging industries to publish an annual report outlining the payments made to governments
Companies will have to report payments at both country-level and project-level.
Project level reporting requires companies active in the extractive and logging industries to publish the payments they make to governments for each lease or licence that they obtain to access resources. This creates a link between a project, for example a mine or an oil field, and the payment.
All levels of government are defined within the rules, so payments to federal, national, regional and local governments would have to be reported.
The types of payments that will have to be reported include: production entitlements; certain taxes; royalties; dividends; bonuses; fees - including licence fees, rental fees and entry fees; and payments for infrastructure improvements.
All payments - whether a payment or series of related payments - above 100 000 EUR will have to be disclosed. There is an anti-evasion clause to ensure companies cannot artificially split or aggregate payments to avoid disclosure.
There will be no exemptions from the new reporting rules for companies operating in jurisdictions where the disclosure of payments to governments is prohibited by criminal legislation.